Baltimore is launching a 911 Diversion Pilot program that will dispatch mental health specialists for some 911 calls. The program hopes to make police, firefighters, and medics more available for acute emergencies while getting appropriate help to those in mental crisis.
Baltimore Mayor Brandon Scott said Baltimore’s 911 center receives an average of 13,000 calls pertaining to mental health annually.
“Imagine how much harder your job would be if you receive over 1,000 calls a month to tend to manage that you are not equipped to handle,” Scott said. “Calls to focus on fixing situations that you are not trained to fix, people that are in need of help that you are not trained to give them.”
The new program will launch in early June and the architects and supporters of the program are hoping to scale it nationally. The pilot will start small, with 911 calls pertaining to behavioral health and suicide being dispatched to mental health specialists.
The goal is to fully divert calls that fall under the “‘non-suicidal and alert’’ and “suicidal and alert” categories. According to a Baltimore press release, these calls make up approximately 1,000 calls per year.
In a press conference announcing the plan, Sen. Chris Van Hollen said that people with abnormal mental health have an increased chance of dying during an encounter with police. According to policeviolencereport.org, 1,127 people were killed by police in 2020 — and of those, 97 people were “behaving erratically” or were “having a mental health crisis” at the time of their death.
Baltimore dispatchers are receiving additional training in order to better designate 911 calls to the appropriate personnel. The Baltimore City Fire Department’s medical director and other internal groups will provide daily quality assurance to ensure that calls are being properly dispatched.
The success or failure of this program will be evaluated by the Collaborative Planning and Implementation Committee, a collaboration between the city of Baltimore and the nonprofit Behavioral Health System Baltimore.
This pilot program is similar to a program that exists in Eugene, Oregon, called Crisis Assistance Helping Out on the Streets (CAHOOTS). CAHOOTS is made up of two-person teams that respond to mental health-related 911 calls. According to its website, these calls include “conflict resolution, welfare checks, substance abuse, suicide threats, and more, relying on trauma-informed de-escalation and harm reduction techniques.”
According to a case study conducted by Vera, a nonprofit focused on justice reform, “CAHOOTS and police have developed strategies for supporting one another as calls evolve on-scene and require real-time, frontline collaboration.” CAHOOTS teams resolved 20% of Eugene’s 911 calls that came through the city’s dispatch center. The teams requested police for backup 311 times out of the 24,000 911 calls it responded to in Eugene in 2019.