First Responders

California Wildfires: The Toll So Far and Dangers Yet to Come

October 22, 2020Joshua Skovlund
california wildfires

Fire approaching a fire containment line. Photo courtesy of Pranay Manghirmalani.

Since as early as June, California firefighters have been taking on one of the most powerful forces on earth — Mother Nature. A perfect storm of conditions led to widespread wildfires throughout the state, as well as along the entire West Coast. The firefighters have faced danger and trauma, both physical and mental, over the months, and new dangers are constantly approaching. 

More than 4 million acres have burned in California, with the largest wildfire complex in the state’s history, the August Complex, being responsible for more than 1 million acres burned. The wildfires have claimed the lives of 31 people and have damaged or destroyed 9,247 structures. And the chances of new wildfires sparking to life is still a strong possibility, with several red flag warnings still active throughout the state. 

california wildfires
The Bobcat Fire Complex approaches a suburban area in Monrovia, California. Photo courtesy of Unsplash/Nikolay Maslov.

With millions of acres burned and the subsequent barren land, a new danger is on the horizon. According to, California’s rainy season typically lasts from October to April. Landslides, mudslides, and flash floods are all strong possibilities with incoming rain and the vast amount of charred land.

The California Department of Conservation advises residents to be prepared: “Californians who live on or below hillsides — especially in areas impacted by recent wildfires — should be aware that the rainy season increases the possibility of potentially dangerous debris flows, a geologic hazard that is often identified in the news as mudflows or mudslides.” 

Coffee or Die Magazine spoke with Pranay Manghirmalani, a California firefighter and military veteran, to find out what they are doing to prepare for the next natural disasters and how the morale and mindsets of the firefighters are faring. 

california firefighters
A Cal Fire firefighter geared up and heading out to fight the blazes. Photo courtesy of Pranay Manghirmalani.

Manghirmalani said he has never worked such a busy fire season before. He explained that fewer staff in Cal Fire due to attrition rates and other factors, the COVID-19 restrictions on training and tactics, and the large prevalence of wildfires have all increased the challenges for the fire department this year compared with the past.

“2020 has been a nightmare, and it’s not over yet,” Manghirmalani said. “People always say, ‘Next year is going to be the worst fire season on record,’ and we would laugh and chuckle because we are like, ‘Yeah, this is going to be the worst fire season yet,’ but every fire season is getting worse.”

He said the very nature of firefighting is physically exhausting, and that’s why they train to stay at the peak of their physical fitness. Despite their preparations for the season — the pre-placement of equipment, boosting the number of firefighters available, and reading the weather — Manghirmalani said nothing could truly prepare the firefighters’ mental health for the death and destruction that the 2020 wildfires have brought. 

california wildfires
Wildfires creep up the hillside in California. Photo courtesy of Unsplash/Patrick Campanale.

“This year, morale is not that high. We’re all hurting. Unfortunately, this takes a toll on our mentality,” Manghirmalani said. “We are seeing death and destruction at an exponential rate.”

Seeing the destruction that these wildfires have caused leads to a large amount of stress and can lead to mental health suffering. Manghirmalani emphasized that there are resources available to them and that firefighters should use them if they are struggling with mental health. 

Despite the stress and exhaustion, he said, they will keep driving forward to get the job done.

“We’re going to get back on that damn fire engine when those three beeps go off and do the job to 100% because we know that life, property, and environment are at risk, and we do it for the public,” Manghirmalani said. “We do it for the brothers and sisters right next to us on the fire engine, and we do it for ourselves.”

Joshua Skovlund
Joshua Skovlund

Joshua Skovlund has covered the 75th anniversary of D-Day in France, multinational military exercises in Germany, and civil unrest during the 2020 riots in Minneapolis that followed the death of George Floyd. Born and raised in small-town South Dakota, he grew up playing football and soccer before serving as a forward observer in the US Army. After leaving the service, he earned his CrossFit Level 1 certificate and worked as a personal trainer while earning his paramedic license. He went on to work in paramedicine for more than five years, much of that time in the North Minneapolis area, before transitioning to a career in multimedia journalism. Joshua is married with two children. His creative outlets include Skovlund Photography and Concentrated Emotion, where he publishes poetry focused on his life experiences.

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