Intel

Military Braces for Long and Politically Divisive Mission to House Afghan Refugees

October 4, 2021Coffee or Die
Paratroopers with 1st Brigade Combat Team, 82nd Airborne Division are assisting with evacuation efforts from Afghanistan. Photo courtesy of the 82nd Airborne Division.

Paratroopers with 1st Brigade Combat Team, 82nd Airborne Division are assisting with evacuation efforts from Afghanistan. Photo courtesy of the 82nd Airborne Division.

This article was originally published on Military.com on Oct. 1, 2021. Follow Military.com on Twitter.


The military has settled in for what could be a long, expensive and politically volatile mission housing refugees who fled the end of the 20-year war in Afghanistan and are now searching for new homes in the US.


Congress on Thursday approved $2.2 billion just for the Pentagon’s resettlement efforts, which include more than 10,000 defense personnel. Meanwhile, the general in charge of eight resettlement communities on US bases estimated the sites could be needed for another six months as Afghans navigate the immigration process and the search for permanent homes.


A measles outbreak, several alleged assaults by refugees in the base villages, and Republican claims of a human rights crisis and vetting issues have complicated the historic effort to take in the nearly 67,000 Afghan allies now in the resettlement process.


“We’re prepared to be here as long as we need to conduct this mission,” Gen. Glen VanHerck, the head of US Northern Command, said Thursday. “We’ll be ready if we need to support [refugee housing] through the winter months and into the spring.”


The refugees were flown out of Afghanistan in August amid the chaotic military evacuation and a stunning Taliban takeover of the country and its capital, Kabul. They were taken to sites in Europe before being moved on to the US to wait for final clearance for resettlement.


A total of about 2,600 had completed the process and been resettled off base as of this week, according to VanHerck.


refugees
An Afghan family takes their grandmother to the aid station for a medical checkup Aug. 31, 2021 at Fort Bliss’ Doña Ana Complex in New Mexico. US Army photo by Staff Sgt. Michael West, 1st Armored Division, 2nd Armored Brigade Combat Team.

A stopgap spending measure passed by Congress this week to keep the government open also contained $6.3 billion for Afghan refugee resettlement efforts, including the $2.2 billion.


The US bases are now housing 53,000 Afghans, and another 14,000 waiting in Europe could begin flying to the US next week after a 21-day measles quarantine lifts. That new influx could exceed the military’s current capacity, meaning an expansion of housing may be needed, the general said.


A measles outbreak stretched from the European sites to domestic bases with 24 cases of a disease virtually eradicated by US vaccines, and caused all refugee flights to be stopped.


Measles vaccinations of all refugees were expected to be completed this week, and about 84% had taken the COVID-19 shot, VanHerck said.


But disease was just one of the troubles for the military.


Two Afghan refugees at Fort McCoy, Wisconsin, were arrested, one charged with crimes against minors and another for assaulting his wife. The FBI is investigating a report that a female soldier at Fort Bliss, Texas, was assaulted by a group of male Afghan refugees.


refugees
Fort Bliss’ Doña Ana Complex as seen on Aug. 30, 2021 in New Mexico. US Army photo by Pfc. Luis Santiago.

“In a population of 53,000, there have been eight reported cases of robbery and theft,” which is below-average crime rates in the U.S., VanHerck said when asked about crime.


‘Human Rights Crisis’


The large-scale resettlement efforts have split Republicans on Capitol Hill.


Many are torn between attacking the Biden administration’s resettlement policies and bashing its chaotic Afghanistan withdrawal. They say Biden left behind thousands of Afghans who aided the U.S. war effort, and also set up lax vetting standards for those it did evacuate.


The alleged crimes at bases have fueled claims of a wider problem. Sens. Ted Cruz, R-Texas; Ron Johnson, R-Wis.; Tom Cotton, R-Ark.; and Kevin Cramer, R-N.D., wrote a letter to Biden last week, saying they are “deeply concerned that your withdrawal has imported an acute human rights crisis to our country.”


There were other isolated reports of issues with food and heat at some bases. The Pentagon denied there was ever lack of heat at Fort McCoy, despite reports, and said it is providing three meals daily, including halal meat — Islamic custom requires meat to be blessed before it is eaten — and 24-hour access to food.


refugees
Dining facility workers serve Afghan evacuees Sept. 13, 2021, at Fort McCoy, Wisconsin. US Army photo by Spc. Rhianna Ballenger, 55th Signal Company.

The Department of Homeland Security is the lead federal agency responsible for what is called Operation Allies Welcome. It coordinates efforts by the Pentagon and other agencies.


The growing Republican opposition to the resettlement efforts was on display during the government funding debate, as every GOP senator backed an amendment from Cotton aimed at curtailing aid to the Afghan refugees. The amendment failed on a party-line 50-50 vote.


Cotton’s amendment would have cut off aid for housing, food, medicine and other needs after March 31, 2023, for Afghans who come to the country through parole, a process that allows refugees to enter the US quickly during humanitarian crises.


“Insultingly, these benefits would last much longer than the eight months of benefits given to SIV holders who actually served alongside American forces,” Cotton wrote in a Fox News op-ed this week, referring to the special immigrant visa program.


Background checks of incoming Afghans also have become a political issue. Al-Qaida and other terrorist groups still operate from Afghanistan, and 13 US troops were killed in a suicide bombing during the August withdrawal.


“Because of the chaos, we also evacuated many Afghans who have no record of assisting us or our allies,” Sen. Rob Portman, R-Ohio, said on the Senate floor this week in support of Cotton’s legislation.


Finding Affordable Housing


Democrats insisted proper vetting was being done. Republicans wanted to limit Afghan refugees’ “ability to resettle into a new life,” said Sen. Jeanne Shaheen, D-N.H.


Once refugees clear the screening process on military installations, they are resettled into communities throughout the country. Afghans either can let a resettlement agency place them in an area, or they can choose one based on family ties, according to the State Department.


refugees
An Afghan child attending school volunteers to go in front of the class to speak, Sept. 25, 2021, at Fort Bliss’ Doña Ana Complex in New Mexico. US Army photo by Spc. Khalan Moore, 24th Theater Public Affairs Support Element.

“Over the past few weeks, we have resettled several hundred Afghan individuals and families,” said Timothy Young, a spokesman for the Lutheran Immigration and Refugee Service, or LIRS. “We’re expecting to resettle several thousand more in the months to come.”


Many of those the nonprofit has assisted end up in the Washington, D.C., suburbs and northern Virginia, but there is a struggle to find safe, affordable housing for Afghan families, Young said in an interview.


“This is obviously in the context of a general affordable housing shortage here in the States,” he said.


Ultimately, refugees should have final say over where they end up — regardless of whether they go at it alone or through a charity like LIRS.


“We can make placement recommendations and let them know where the most robust resources are but ultimately that is a decision that they will make,” Young said.


Read Next: After Afghanistan, It’s Time To Admit Counterinsurgency Is a Losing Doctrine



Coffee or Die
Coffee or Die

Coffee or Die is Black Rifle Coffee Company’s online lifestyle magazine. Launched in June 2018, the magazine covers a variety of topics that generally focus on the people, places, or things that are interesting, entertaining, or informative to America’s coffee drinkers — often going to dangerous or austere locations to report those stories.

More from Coffee or Die Magazine
Culture
Robert Heinlein: The Navy Vet Who Pioneered Sci-Fi

The dean of science fiction combined his experiences in the Navy with his knowledge as an aeronautical engineer to create genre-transforming novels.

January 27, 2023Mac Caltrider
Masih Alinejad
Intel
Feds: Brooklyn Cops Foil Brazen Iranian Plot to Murder Masih Alinejad

Three men reputedly linked to Eastern European mobsters and Iranian intelligence operatives have been arrested.

January 27, 2023Carl Prine
FILE - Ukrainian soldiers on captured Russian tanks T-72 hold military training close to the Ukraine-Belarus border near Chernihiv, Ukraine, Friday, Oct. 28, 2022. The West's move to send tanks to Ukraine was greeted enthusiastically from Kyiv, Berlin and Washington. But Moscow seemed to shrug. The Kremlin has warned the West that supplying tanks would be a dangerous escalation of the conflict and denounced the decision. AP photo by Aleksandr Shulman, File.
Intel
Russia Responds to Ukraine’s ‘Tanksgiving’ With Missile and Drone Strikes

Hours after the US and Germany agreed to send battle tanks to Ukraine, Russia launched missile and drone strikes at targets across the country.

January 26, 2023Nolan Peterson
guam
Military
Marine Corps Dedicates First New Base in 7 Decades

For the first time in seven decades, the US Marine Corps is building a new base.

January 26, 2023Carl Prine
abrams
Military
US Sending Nearly a Battalion of Abrams Tanks to Ukraine

The US will send 31 Abrams tanks to Ukraine after months of uncertainty.

January 26, 2023Associated Press
The damaged tug Mark E. Kuebler grounded near Corpus Christi, Texas, on Sunday, Jan. 22, 2023. A large gash is visible just above the waterline. Photos courtesy of Boatswain’s Mate 2nd Class Merrit Carter. Composite by Kenna Lee/Coffee or Die Magazine.
Military
Coast Guard Coxswain Emphasizes Having Clear Head During Tugboat Response

One of the world’s most innovative tugboats remains beached on a Texas sandbar, after apparently getting sucked under a massive oil tanker and mauled by its propeller.

January 26, 2023Noelle Wiehe
Coffee Or Die Photo
Intel
The ‘Tallinn Pledge’ for Ukraine: NATO V2.0?

Representatives from nine NATO countries gathered in Estonia and pledged more military aid for Ukraine.

January 20, 2023Nolan Peterson
Coffee Or Die Photo
Triple Seven Expedition
DISPATCH: With Celebratory Jump in Florida, Triple 7 Expedition Is a Wrap

The Triple 7 Expedition's team of nine vets wrapped up its breakneck skydiving expedition with a final, celebratory jump in Florida on Wednesday, Jan. 18.

January 20, 2023Jenna Biter
  • About Us
  • Privacy Policy
  • Careers
Contact Us
  • Request a Correction
  • Write for Us
  • General Inquiries
© 2023 Coffee or Die Magazine. All Rights Reserved