Sharon Ann Lane: The Only Female Nurse Killed by Enemy Fire in Vietnam War

December 9, 2021Matt Fratus
Sharon Ann Lane Vietnam war nurse coffee or die

First Lt. Sharon Ann Lane, a US Army nurse, was killed by enemy fire while trying to protect patients at the 312th Evacuation Hospital in Chu Lai, South Vietnam, in June 1969. Composite by Coffee or Die Magazine.

Army 1st Lt. Sharon Ann Lane, a nurse from the 312th Evacuation Hospital in Chu Lai, Republic of Vietnam, was mortally wounded by enemy rocket fire only one month shy of her 26th birthday.

The enthusiastic and compassionate medical professional often signed her letters “see you sooner.” She wrote home just days before her death, assuring her parents that she was safe from the worst of combat.

“Still very quiet around here,” she wrote, “haven’t gotten mortared in a couple of weeks now.”

Lane was the only American female nurse who died from direct enemy fire during the Vietnam War. Seven other female nurses died during the war from accidents or illnesses. Despite Lane’s untimely death, she certainly had a positive impact on the soldiers and civilians she treated.

Sharon Ann Lane Vietnam war nurse coffee or die
The duty dress and utility fatigue trousers and shirt worn by 1st Lt. Sharon Ann Lane, a US Army nurse who served in the Vietnam War, are included in a new exhibit about Lane recently installed at the US Army Medical Department Museum at Joint Base San Antonio-Fort Sam Houston. US Army photo.

When Lane, an Ohio native, completed nursing school in 1965, she worked at a local hospital for two years. Lane later abandoned her pursuit of a business degree to join the US Army Nurse Corps Reserve in 1968. Before going to Vietnam, she served in three tuberculosis wards while assigned to Fitzsimons General Hospital in Denver, Colorado. 

Lane received orders to the 312th Evacuation Hospital at Chu Lai, where she arrived on April 29, 1969. After only a few days, she was transferred to Vietnamese Ward 4. It was a physically and emotionally taxing assignment. Yet Lane never complained about her work. Five days a week for 12 hours a day, Lane did her best to alleviate the soldiers’ suffering. On her off days, rather than seeking out some essential rest and recovery, she volunteered to take care of the most critically injured American soldiers. 

On the morning of June 8, 1969, multiple 122 mm rockets targeted the hospital. During the Viet Cong attack, one rocket struck Ward 4, killing two people and wounding 27 more. Lane took fragmentation wounds to the chest and died while trying to move patients to safety.

Sharon Ann Lane Vietnam war nurse coffee or die
A statue honoring 1st Lt. Sharon Lane, a US Army nurse killed during the Vietnam War, sits at Aultman Hospital, where she attended nursing school in the 1960s, in her hometown of Canton, Ohio. Joint Base San Antonio/US Army photo.

Lane received the Purple Heart, a Bronze Star for valor, and the Vietnamese Gallantry Cross with Palm.

In 2019, some 50 years after her death, a 7-foot bronze statue was placed outside Aultman Hospital in Canton, Ohio, where Lane lived before enlisting in the Army.

“I think she represents that caring heart. That caring, compassionate side of nursing,” Jo Ann Donnenwirth, dean of the Aultman School of Nursing, said after the statue’s dedication. “I wish all of our graduates would have the characteristics Sharon Lane exhibited.”

Read Next: Nurses of World War II: The Largest Group of Women in US History To Be Taken Prisoner of War

Matt Fratus
Matt Fratus

Matt Fratus is a history staff writer for Coffee or Die. He prides himself on uncovering the most fascinating tales of history by sharing them through any means of engaging storytelling. He writes for his micro-blog @LateNightHistory on Instagram, where he shares the story behind the image. He is also the host of the Late Night History podcast. When not writing about history, Matt enjoys volunteering for One More Wave and rooting for Boston sports teams.

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