History

The Massive Thanksgiving Day Fire of 1889 That Killed 5 Boston Firefighters

November 25, 2021Matt Fratus
Thanksgiving Day Fire 1889 Boston fire department coffee or die

Firefighters from the Boston Fire Department stand in the debris following the collapse of the Ames Building that happened on Thanksgiving Day in 1889. Photo courtesy of bostonfirehistory.org.

A six-story building on the corner of Kingston and Bedford, located in the heart of Boston’s downtown neighborhood, erupted in a massive four-alarm fire on Thanksgiving Day, 1889. The blaze spread to adjacent buildings situated along the city block. While emergency responders worked to knock down the flames, five Boston firefighters lost their lives, and Boston suffered nearly $4 million ($120 million today) worth of property damages


The month of November is considered the cruelest month to the Boston Fire Department. Box 52 sounded an alarm at 8 a.m. that rainy Thanksgiving morning, giving a signal to the firefighters to respond. That box has a history among the city’s famous and out-of-control fires. It was the same fire box to alert firefighters during the Great Boston Fire of 1872, when 776 buildings burned to the ground, 65 acres of land were left in ruins, and the cost of the property losses neared $75 million, or $1.7 billion today.


“The Boston Fire Department became a great firefighting force unfortunately through necessity,” former Boston fire Commissioner Paul Christian said in 2012. “The old town of Boston was built of wood. The original chimneys were built of wood. It was a very combustible city.” 


Boston Thanksgiving Day Fire of 1889 coffee or die
Four of the five Boston firefighters killed during the Thanksgiving Day Fire of 1889, left. Missing is retired Boston firefighter Hoseman Edward E. Whiting, who was hurt in the collapse and succumbed to his injuries days later. On the right, a Gleason’s Pictorial immortalized the now-famous fire in Boston’s history. Composite by Coffee or Die Magazine.

The weather on the night before the now-infamous Thanksgiving Day Fire of 1889 has inspired at least one theory regarding the spark behind the blaze. 


“If you look back at old photographs of Boston and New York in the 1870s and 1880s, you’ll notice there were a lot of telegraph wires all over the place,” Christian, a 38-year veteran of the Boston Fire Department, said. “Back then, the telegraph was a principal means of communication.”


The fire alarm systems were on those telegraph lines. In those days, some companies also sold “time.” A Boston time company regularly issued a timeout over the circuits to keep all the clocks of companies and businesses on the accurate time. The pouring rain on the eve of Thanksgiving created problems in the circuits. Christian believed an electrical fire caused the blaze.



When the first fire apparatus arrived on the scene, thick black smoke was billowing out of the sixth-floor windows. The fire jumped across the street and into the Ames Building. Firefighters from Hose Company 7 and Ladder Company 3 raced into the Ames Building to stop the fire’s spread. The structural properties of the building gave way, and the walls collapsed, killing five. 


The dead included: hoseman John J. Brooks Jr., 29, Hose Company 7; hoseman Michael Murnan, 34, Hose Company 7; ladderman Daniel J. Buckley, 31, Ladder Company 3; ladderman Frank P. Loker, 33, Ladder Company 3; and hoseman Edward E. Whiting, a retired member of the BFD.


In addition to the fallen firefighters, the collapse destroyed several firefighting apparatuses, including the steamer of Engine Company 26 and an aerial truck of Ladder Company 13. A water tower — an early predecessor to firefighting apparatuses that shoot a stream of water into upper floors of buildings — was also destroyed. The steamer of Engine Company 22 survived the falling debris; however, it suffered damages, too.


“I am confident that Thursday’s fire had been burning for a long time before it was discovered,” a BFD investigator assigned to the case recalled. “If a watchman had been on hand to ring in an alarm as soon as the fire started, I am confident that Chief [Louis] Webber and his men could never have allowed the fire to spread beyond the building.”


Boston suffered yet another tragedy on Thanksgiving Day in 1942 when the Cocoanut Grove Fire took the lives of more than 490 people. Reports determined all who were killed died in the initial 15 minutes of the inferno.


Read Next: Ukraine Braces for Russian Blitz



Matt Fratus
Matt Fratus

Matt Fratus is a history staff writer for Coffee or Die. He prides himself on uncovering the most fascinating tales of history by sharing them through any means of engaging storytelling. He writes for his micro-blog @LateNightHistory on Instagram, where he shares the story behind the image. He is also the host of the Late Night History podcast. When not writing about history, Matt enjoys volunteering for One More Wave and rooting for Boston sports teams.

More from Coffee or Die Magazine
Military
US Launches Airstrikes in Syria After Drone Kills US Worker

While it’s not the first time the U.S. and Iran have traded airstrikes in Syria, the attack and the ...

March 24, 2023Associated Press
The Gift jason dunham
Entertainment
‘The Gift’ Explores the Life and Legacy of Medal of Honor Recipient Jason Dunham

"The Gift" tells the story of the first Marine to receive the Medal of Honor after the Vietnam War. ...

March 24, 2023Mac Caltrider
uss milius
Intel
US Denies Chinese Claim It Drove Away American Destroyer

The U.S. Navy's 7th Fleet said that a statement from China's Southern Theatre Command that it had fo...

March 23, 2023Associated Press
ultramarathon
Military
The Speed Project: Vet Team To Run in Lawless, Invite-Only Ultramarathon

For the first time, a team of (mostly) US veterans and active-duty service members will run in The S...

March 23, 2023Jenna Biter
uranium-based ammo ammunition Ukraine UK depleted uranium
Intel
A Look At the Uranium-Based Ammo the UK Will Send to Ukraine

The British defense ministry on Monday confirmed it would provide Ukraine with armor-piercing rounds containing depleted uranium.

March 23, 2023Associated Press
Zaporizhzhia Ukraine Russia
Intel
Ukraine: Russia Hits Apartments and Dorm, Killing Civilians

“Russia is shelling the city with bestial savagery,” President Volodymyr Zelenskyy wrote in a Telegr...

March 22, 2023Associated Press
cold brew coffee soda float
Coffee
The Bitter Barista's Cold Brew Coffee Soda Float

Today, we combine the best of both worlds with this indulgent recipe, smashing together our love of coffee and ice cream with a cold brew coffee soda float!

March 21, 2023Heather Lynn
abrams tanks ukraine
Intel
US Speeds Up Abrams Tank Delivery to Ukraine War Zone

The original plan was to send Ukraine 31 of the newer M1A2 Abrams, which could have taken a year or ...

March 21, 2023Associated Press
  • About Us
  • Privacy Policy
  • Careers
Contact Us
  • Request a Correction
  • Write for Us
  • General Inquiries
© 2023 Coffee or Die Magazine. All Rights Reserved